Home / Individual one-day excursions from Jerusalem and other cities of Israel 2018-2019 (34 routes) / № 21. Journey to Galilee: Place of Baptism of Jesus Christ (Bethabara), Lake Galilee, Mount of Beatitudes, Tabha, Capernaum
Excursion № 21.
Journey to Galilee: The Place of the Baptism of Jesus Christ (Bethabara), Lake Galilee,
Mount of Beatitudes, Tabha, Capernaum
The Sea of Galilee
© The Russian Orthodox Pilgrim Center "Russia in Colors" in Jerusalem
© Photo by Pavel Platonov December 14, 2015
Galilee (Hebrew הַגָּלִיל, һа-Galil, "region, district, district", Arab al-Jalil) is the name of the geographical and historical region in the north of the State of Israel. The territory of Galilee is limited to the west by the Mediterranean Sea, to the south by the Jezreel Valley and to the east by the Jordan Valley. Repeatedly mentioned in the Bible and includes many holy places, as well as archaeological parks and cultural attractions. 20 cities of Galilee, King Solomon gave the Tyrian (Lebanese) Prince Hiram (3 Kings 9:11).
Pagan Galilee is mentioned in the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 9: 2). By the time of Jesus Christ, the Galileans had an adverb from the inhabitants of Judea (Mark 14:70). Most of the apostles were Galileans (Acts 1:11). The main Galilean cities were Bethsaida (the birthplace of the Apostle Andrew, Peter and Philip - John 1:44), Canal of Galilee (Nathanael's birthplace - John 21: 2), and Nazareth (the birthplace of Jesus Christ - Matthew 2:23; :eleven). The Jews of Jesus Christ worshiped the Galilean (Matthew 26:69, John 7:41). According to Matthew, after the resurrection, both the angel and Jesus, sent the apostles to Galilee (Matthew 28: 7-16). In the era of the apostle Paul, there were churches in Galilee (Acts 9:31).
On the way to Galilee is visited - Bethabara (Greek Βηθαβαρᾶ, Hebrew בית עברה - house of the crossing, place of the ford) - a place on the Jordan River, 10 kilometers north of the confluence of the Jordan River to the Dead Sea, where the ferry crossed the river . The place is associated in the Christian tradition with the Baptism of the Lord on the Jordan River, as well as with the crossing point of the sons of Israel, who crossed the Jordan together with Joshua, leaving an altar of 12 stones at the crossing site, according to the number of tribes of Israel, and then entered the promised land.
The book of Joshua describes this event as follows.
"So when the people moved from their tents to cross the Jordan, and the priests carried the ark of the covenant to the people, then only those who carried the ark entered the Jordan, and the feet of the priests carrying the ark plunged into the water of the Jordan - the Jordan stands out from all its shores All the days of the harvest of wheat, the water flowing from above, stopped and became a wall for a very long distance, to the city of Adam, which is near Zartan; and the current in the sea of the plain, in the Salty Sea, has left and dried up. And the people passed over against Jericho; But the priests, who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, stood on dry land in the midst of the Jordan with a firm foot. All the Israelites crossed overland until all the people crossed the Jordan". (Rev. 3: 14-17)
The Gospel of Luke describes the Baptism of the Lord on the Jordan River.
"When all the people were baptized, and Jesus, being baptized, prayed: the sky was opened, and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove, and there was a voice from heaven, saying:" You are my beloved Son; in You I am well pleased! ". (Luke 3: 21-2)The place of Baptism was closed for a wide visit until 2011. Now this place is open for visiting pilgrims and tourists from all over the world and is in charge of the National Parks Protection Society.
The Sea of Galilee, known in ancient and modern Israel as the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew ים כנרת, "Yam Kinneret", Arabic "Bukharat Tabaria", also the Sea of Kinnerere or the Hinnerere, Sea of Galilee, Genisareth Lake, Gennesaret Lake ) Is a freshwater lake in the northeast of Israel. The name Tiberias Lake received from the name of the city of Tiberias (modern Tver), founded in the 1st century AD. in honor of the Roman emperor Tiberius. The lake is repeatedly mentioned in the Bible in the books of the Old and New Testaments. In the Old Testament it is referred to as the "Sea of Kinnerere" (Numbers 34:11 and others) or "the Sea of Hinnereth" (Josh 12: 3, etc.) as the area through which the boundary of the land of Israel passes, and as "Hinnaroth" (Rev. 11: 2). The fortified city of Hinneret (Kinneret) is mentioned as being on the lands of the tribe of Naphtali (Josh 19:35).
In the Gospel the lake is referred to as the "Sea of Galilee" (Mark 1:16, etc.), "The Sea of Tiberias" (John 21: 1), "Gennesaret Lake" (Luke 5: 1), simply "lake" (Lk 8: 22-23, Luke 8:33, etc.), or "the sea" (Mark 4: 35-41, Matthew 8:24, Matthew 4:18, and others).
In the New Testament, Gennesaret Lake is associated with many tales of the earthly life of Jesus Christ. On the shores of the lake and in the coastal cities (especially in Capernaum) Jesus spent most of his earthly ministry. It was on the Gennesaret Lake that the apostles Peter and Andrew fished when they were called by Christ to the apostolic ministry.
The length of the lake is up to 23 kilometers in length and 11 kilometers in width. The area of the lake is 165 square meters. kilometers, and the maximum depth reaches 45 meters. The lake is filled with the waters of the Jordan River and the Amud stream, as well as natural precipitation.
Mount of Beatitudes - a place opposite the western shore of Lake Galilee was named - Mount of Beatitudes. According to tradition, the Sermon on the Mount was pronounced here by Jesus Christ (Matthew 5). Now there is a vast territory of the Catholic monastery Carmelites with a temple built by the famous Italian architect Antonio Barluzzi.
Tabha - the Arabic name of the Greek word - Heptapicon - means the semicluster; several radon sources in these places flow into the lake. This place is located on the north-west shore of Lake Galilee. Here the German order of the Benedictines in place of the ancient Byzantine church built the Catholic temple of the miracle of the Multiplication of bread and fish (Mark 6: 1-56). Nearby on the Franciscan site is the church of the primacy of St. Peter or "Mensa Christie" - a meal of Christ, built in the 50s of the XX century by the Order of Franciscans (John 21: 15-23).
Capernaum, Kafarnaum (Hebrew כפר נחום, Kfar Nahum, the letter "Naum village") is an ancient city on the north-west coast of the Sea of Galilee, founded in the 5th century BC. In Capernaum, according to the Gospels, the basic preaching work of Jesus Christ took place. Then the city was a fishing village and customs on the way from Caesarea to Damascus. In Capernaum, Jesus found his apostles - Peter, Andrew, the Zebedee brothers John the Theologian, and James and Levi Matthew. In the II century in Capernaum, a community of Jews converted to Christianity was formed. In the next century a church was built in the city, and it became the mainstay of Christianity in the region.
In the ruins of the ancient city today there are: the Greek Orthodox monastery of the 12 apostles and the Catholic monastery of the Franciscans.
The excursion begins at the place of accommodation of the tourists in Jerusalem (the address and time of the excursion beginning is indicated in advance by the guide). On the tour you need to have comfortable shoes, drinking water and a hat from the sun. Clothes should be like when visiting temples (men should not visit temples in shorts, women should have clothes with closed shoulders, do not have a neckline, short skirts and shorts, you can wear trousers). To cross the border post between Jerusalem and Beit Shean, tourists need to have a passport with them.
If the tourists have a rented car, the price is $ 300 for all participants of the excursion, provided that the excursion begins in Jerusalem.
We wish you a pleasant stay and an exciting journey and pilgrimage!
Prices are quoted in USD
The price does not include the cost of paid entries along the route.
The tour starts from Jerusalem.
In case of accommodation of participants of excursion in Tel Aviv and its vicinities or in other cities of Israel, we can help to get to Jerusalem by public transport.
There is a possibility of delivery on excursions and back on our transport from the area of Tel Aviv and its environs and the Dead Sea for an additional fee.
The program provides an overview of the main attractions.
The program takes into account the wishes of the excursion.
A detailed program, taking into account the wishes of the excursionist, is made after consent to the cost of the services.
The tour is accompanied by Tour guide Pavel Platonov.
(Licenses of chartered guides of the Ministry of Tourism of the State of Israel No. 10103).
You can order the tour by e-mail email@example.com
And also by calling: + 972-545-336-297 (Wats up / Viber), (in Israel: 054-5336-297)
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|© 2005 The Orthodox Scientific Educational Society
"Russia in colours" in Jerusalem